University of Michigan study on the impact of quotas on Norwegian businesses

The University of Michigan (and more specifically its Ross School of Business) was the source of a paper that continues to generate much interest in the ‘gender balance in the boardroom’ debate. Proponents of ‘improved’ gender diversity in boardrooms have long claimed a positive causal relationship between increasing female representation on boards and increasing corporate performance. A paper published by Professor Amy Dittmar and Professor Ken Ahern of the UoM Ross School of Business shows conclusively that in Norway the increased female representation on company boards (forced by legislation) had a causal effect on corporate performance, but the effect was a NEGATIVE one. Still, I don’t expect that proponents of ‘improved’ gender diversity will trouble themselves over such facts (they rarely do). For the umpteenth time I invite anyone with any evidence of a positive causal link between increased female representation on boards, and enhanced corporate performance, to send it to me. I’ve been searching for the evidence for years, and nobody seems able to provide any. We all know why, don’t we?

Many Norwegian companies delisted rather than expose themselves to the quota legislation, and not even one company has since relisted.

The report’s full Abstract:

In 2003, a new law required that 40 percent of Norwegian firms’ directors be women – at the time only nine percent of directors were women. We use the pre-quota cross-sectional variation in female board representation to instrument for exogenous changes to corporate boards following the quota. We find that the constraint imposed by the quota caused a significant drop in the stock price at the announcement of the law and a large decline in Tobin’s Q over the following years, consistent with the idea that firms choose boards to maximize value. The quota led to younger and less experienced boards, increases in leverage and acquisitions, and deterioration in operating performance, consistent with less capable boards.

The report is now in print in The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2012, vol. 127(1): 137-197.   You can also access the article at

Helena Morrissey appears before a House of Lords select committee

Helena Morrissey, founder of the 30 per cent club, today appeared before the House of Lords select committee investigating ‘Women on Boards’. The following is a link to the video, the first hour of which is devoted to Mrs Morrissey. Enjoy:

When the minutes are published – later this week – we’ll post them along with a detailed critique of what Mrs Morrissey had to say. One of her more interesting statements in the meeting was the following:

‘I haven’t seen any evidence that suggests having more women on boards undermines shareholder value.’

Why is this interesting? Only last Wednesday I emailed Mrs Morrissey the following invitation to the IEA event, and this wasn’t the first time she’d been made aware of our arguments. The invitation included precisely the evidence which Mrs Morrissey claimed in today’s meeting not to have seen. Ironically, she referred to the study in question later in her testimony to the House of Lords today. It’s the Ahern & Dittmar (University of Michigan) study on the negative impact of gender quotas on Norwegian companies.

My invitation to Mrs Morrissey:

120718 invitation emailed to Helena Morrissey

My IEA blog cited both the University of Michigan study and another showing the negative impact of ‘improving’ gender diversity on boards, reported by Deutsche Bundesbank:

Gender balance in the boardroom – a sample chapter from ‘The Glass Ceiling Delusion’

Since I launched The Campaign for Merit in Business a month ago I’m being increasingly asked by senior business people and journalists to present my core arguments against quotas and other positive discrimination measures to ‘improve’ the number of women in boardrooms. The arguments now include the evidence of two studies (University of Michigan and Deutsche Bundesbank) which show that increasing the number of women on boards adversely impacts on corporate performance.  In addition I’ve been supplying people with a chapter (link below) from my 2011 book The Glass Ceiling Delusion: the real reasons more women don’t reach senior positions and thought I should make it freely available to visitors to this blog. The book’s available from all the usual retailers and from myself – I can sign and dedicate it if you wish, and post it to any address worldwide – if ordered through my publishing website The chapter:

Gender balance in the boardroom – a sample chapter from ‘The Glass Ceiling Delusion’